The two-bed deionizer consists of two vessels – one containing a cation-exchange resin in the hydrogen (H+) form and the other containing an anion resin in the hydroxyl (OH-) form. Water flows through the cation column, whereupon all the cations are exchanged for hydrogen ions. To keep the Water electrically balanced, for every monovalent cation, e.g. Na+, one hydrogen ion is exchanged and for every divalent cation, e.g. Ca2+, or Mg2+, two hydrogen ions are exchanged. The same principle applies when considering anion-exchange. The decategorized Water then flows through the anion column. This time, all the negatively charged ions are exchanged for hydroxide ions which then combine with the hydrogen ions to form Water (H2O).
In mixed-bed deionizers the cation-exchange and anion-exchange resins are intimately mixed and contained in a single pressure vessel. The thorough mixture of cation-exchangers and anionexchangers in a single column makes a mixed-bed deionizer equivalent to a lengthy series of two-bed plants. As a result, the Water quality obtained from a mixed-bed deionizer is appreciably higher than that produced by a two-bed plant. Although more efficient in purifying the incoming feedWater, mixed-bed plants are more sensitive to impurities in the Water supply and involve a more complicated regeneration process. Mixed-bed deionizers are normally used to ‘polish’ the Water to higher levels of purity after it has been initially treated by either a two-bed deionizer or a reverse osmosis unit.
ELECTRO DEIONIZATION EDI
Electro deionization Systems remove ions from aqueous streams, typically in conjunction with reverse osmosis (RO) and other purification devices. Our high-quality deionization modules continually produce ultrapure Water up to 18.2MW/cm. EDI may be run continuously or intermittently.